Event Type: Webinar

Can vehicle-equipment strategies keep pace with automotive trends?

As carmakers adjust to a more electrified, connected, and digitally-enabled automotive reality vehicle-equipment strategies are changing.

Living costs are rapidly increasing in all European countries, affecting new-car prices. Higher prices for raw materials and labour costs are driving list prices up, but factory-fitted standard equipment is also increasing. With less money in their pockets, consumers are postponing purchases. So, manufacturers need to find the right balance between affordability and attractive standard equipment.

Companies are also looking to lower costs and reduce production complexity. Simplifying equipment strategies leverages economies of scale, which should help ease pressure on the supply chain, increasing the availability of new cars. Furthermore, pan-European equipment strategies facilitate profitable cross-border sales of new or used cars. More unified approaches also enable features on demand (FOD), which require pre-installed hardware.

At the same time, the challenges surrounding vehicle equipment are higher than ever before. EU regulations are forcing manufacturers to build in more safety and driver-assistance features, such as intelligent speed assistance systems. Infotainment performance will become a major differentiator and requires huge investments in technologies and software development.

These topics set the scene for the latest Autovista24 webinar, How vehicle-equipment strategies are changing in the automotive market’. Autovista Group experts discuss current challenges, present data on how standard equipment and trim lines changed between 2019 and 2022, and share insights on equipment strategies applied by carmakers.

Complexity reduction

Christian Schneider, head of analytics at Autovista Group, analysed how rising list prices are connected to an increase in standard equipment. He took a closer look at the factory-fitted equipment on the German market.

For example, while LED headlights were standard equipment in just over 40% of cars in January 2019, the fitment rate doubled to over 80% in June 2022. ‘This means that 80% of cars now have this rather expensive feature worth between €1,000 and €1,500 built-in, and that compensates for the list-price increases to a certain extent,’ Schneider explained.

Other examples include DAB radios or navigation systems, many of these feature developments driven by either regulation or a change in consumer preference. The rate of factory-fitted 360° camera systems in D-SUVs doubled since 2019, probably related to cars becoming bigger. ‘We do expect this trend to continue, especially when it comes to EU-regulated safety features. This will also drive list-price increases further,’ added Schneider.

‘An increase in standard equipment also helps to simplify a carmaker’s equipment strategy and reduces complexity,’ he said. There is a clear trend of OEMs offering fewer trim lines. More complete standard equipment, together with rising list prices, also bolsters residual values (RVs), along with inflation and the limited availability of used cars.

Carmakers take different approaches

The most common equipment strategies applied by car manufacturers are the hierarchical trim walk, the Y-type strategy, and the base-plus-options approach. While the hierarchical trim walk has lines building on top of each other, the Y-type strategy advances into a sporty and luxurious branch, for example. The base-plus-options approach is traditionally used by premium manufacturers. It comes with the risk of introducing underequipped models to the used-car market, as well as increasing the difficulty in identifying built-in features.

‘In Car To Market studies, we therefore always analyse the standard and optional equipment of a model. By doing so, we can give our customers recommendations not only in comparison to their direct rivals but also in light of used-car market trends and requirements,’ said Guillermo Iniguez, senior market analyst at Autovista Group.

With the entrance of several new players into European markets, established carmakers also need to closely observe and potentially adjust their approaches. ‘New players typically avoid entry-trim versions and come with a high level of standard equipment,’ Iniguez explained. This approach gives many new players a head start on RVs.

To avoid residual value risks, some general rules include making high-demand features standard and integrating other popular or trending items into a clear and logical trim walk. The naming of trims and packages should give clear guidance for a used-car customer, such as ‘winter pack’ or ‘executive pack’.

FOD – the new kid in town

While the industry used to differentiate between standard and optional equipment in the past, there is a new kid in town now – features on demand.

Generally, FOD is a great opportunity to keep a car updated, allowing for flexibility on the used-car market and helping establish a direct customer relationship throughout a model’s lifecycle. However, it does not come without risks. Carmakers must select the right features and set the right price, especially as cars get older. Commercially viable FODs need to be selected based on the expected demand and the hardware pre-instalment costs.

Vehicle-equipment strategies find themselves at the core of automotive decision-making and are bound to change, adapting to the megatrends disrupting the industry. Robust RVs are always subject to the reconciliation of requirements between the new-car market and the used-car market. In the future, a robust hierarchical trim strategy that avoids costly mistakes in the form of underequipped cars and unidentifiable features will also be crucial.

Delayed delivery of Europe’s electric-van market

While much of the automotive industry stalled during COVID-19, the light-commercial vehicle (LCV) market developed at a pace. Demand for vans increased as shoppers turned to online retail and companies rushed to keep up with the change in purchasing behaviour.

However, the sector now faces the same external difficulties as the entire automotive market. Shortages of semiconductors, component-supply issues caused by the Ukraine war, and pressure to switch to zero-emission technologies are causing a decline in new LCV sales. New-vehicle list prices are rising, and residual values (RVs) are generally remaining positive.

Just like the passenger-car market there is an increasing push towards electrification, particularly as fuel prices rise. The LCV market presents a significant development opportunity for electrification. However, it must first overcome some serious obstacles such as charging times, infrastructure location, and logistical practicality. 

There is also a big opportunity for hydrogen fuel-cell technology in the LCV market. The technology offers significant advantages over battery-based propulsion when it comes to zero-emission LCVs. This includes reduced refuelling times and better payload opportunities without the weight of batteries, which could see the market spearhead development of the fuel type.

All these topics were discussed in the recent Autovista24 webinar, Europe’s light-commercial vehicle market – The road ahead for new and used vans. The panellists looked at economic scenarios in Europe, how RVs are faring, outlooks for the UK and German markets, the electric LCV market, and how hydrogen could grow in the segment.

Infrastructure and other challenges

The LCV market is a sleeping giant when it comes to electrification, Dr Christof Engelskirchen, chief economist at Autovista Group, stated. There are still challenges to overcome, not least with the infrastructure required. The existing electrification infrastructure has been built around the passenger-car market, and charging points can be restrictive for vans, which require larger parking spaces and car-park height clearance. Additionally, van drivers need a fast charging time to avoid delays to deliveries and the resulting impact on business costs.

One answer could be the development of delivery hubs on the edges of urban areas, with last-mile deliveries made by electric LCVs. Christian Schneider, head of analytics at Autovista Group, suggested that such facilities should have dedicated charging points for vans.

Although all manufacturers are introducing battery-electric vehicle (BEV) models, there are few vehicles filtering through to the used-van market, highlighted Andy Picton, chief editor (CV) at Glass’s, part of Autovista Group. Used BEVs may be a better fit for small and medium enterprises and sole traders. These businesses usually have smaller budgets, making these lower-priced models more appealing. Picton added that recent fuel-price increases may speed up the switch to BEVs.

Development of new BEVs is expensive, which is leading to an increasing number of partnerships, such as that between Ford and Volkswagen, Picton added. Andreas Geilenbruegge, Autovista Group’s head of valuations also observed that manufacturers should work on range and charging times if there is to be an uptick in adoption. This, above all, requires dedicated electric LCV platforms, something manufacturers are working on. There is another challenge when it comes to retail, with dealerships needing to explain electric-vehicle technology and its benefits, alongside specifications and pricing.

‘There are three main pressures on vehicle manufacturers, a personal CO2 reduction, carbon-footprint target, and regulations from the European Commission to reduce emissions to zero by 2035,’ stated Pierre-Yves Combeaud, sales director at Hyvia, a hydrogen mobility company. ‘It is a question of giving possibilities to companies to have an alternative-fuel source for demanding journeys, for big LCVs mainly, or even sometimes medium LCVs.’

Hydrogen option

Currently, more than 80% of LCVs on Europe’s roads are diesel-powered. Green hydrogen offers many of the benefits of diesel, such as short refuelling times and long ranges, but without the harmful emissions. The zero-carbon technology also allows for better vehicle payloads, without heavy batteries taking up crucial weight.

However, like in the early days of the electric-vehicle market, one of the areas delaying the development and deployment of hydrogen is the lack of infrastructure. But this is coming, as Combeaud highlighted: ‘It is possible that there will be 1,000 hydrogen refuelling stations in France and Germany by 2030, while by 2035, as part of the ‘Fit for 55’ package announced by the European Commission, there needs to be one refuelling station every 50km on European motorways.’ 

Picton pointed out that the LCV market is subject to the same supply-chain pressures as the passenger-car sector, with semiconductors a particular issue. He also stated that it may not be until the middle of 2023 that we see this situation ease.

New-van prices rise, but RVs stable

LCV list prices for diesel models in particular have been rising more than for passenger cars, with increases of 7% compared to 4%. Diesel vans have seen prices rise more than for BEVs. Engelskirchen pointed out that such price increments show manufacturers are heading towards price parity between internal-combustion engines and their electric counterparts, with petrol and diesel going up, rather than BEVs coming down in cost.

The COVID-19 boom led to a shortage of supply in the new-van market. This, together with the semiconductor supply problem, means that very positive RV development has occurred across all countries in Europe, according to Schneider. Additionally, an increase in purchases of motorhomes, driven by the desire for ‘staycations’ during the pandemic, is helping RV development. Motorhome customers are less price-sensitive than business buyers, added Schneider.

The LCV market in Europe is currently resisting change to electrification. This is in part due to the particular charging and range requirements of vans. Also supply issues are putting pressure on new models reaching the market. However, change is coming, with more electric models available, and used BEVs coming through remarketing channels. Although the sector is behind the passenger-car electrification trend, there is a requirement for it to fulfil zero-carbon targets, with hydrogen also a developing option in the years ahead.

Ukraine conflict will see new-car prices increase due to economic uncertainties

The automotive industry is suffering further disruption as a result of the war in Ukraine. Carmakers are suspending joint ventures in Russia, while supply-chain issues lead to production stoppages and longer vehicle-delivery times.

In addition, the rising price of raw materials, oil and gas are causing economic fluctuations that are leading to rising prices for new vehicles, and increasing fuel costs for drivers. This creates questions around the transition to electric vehicles (EVs), the impact on new-car prices, and whether supply-chain issues will lead to increased demand in the used-car market, affecting residual values (RVs).

Best-case scenarios

These were just a few of the topics discussed in the latest Autovista24 webinar – How is the Ukraine conflict impacting Europe’s automotive markets? The presentation looked at the economic scenarios, as well as the automotive disruption and forecasts for Western Europe’s major markets, and the countries in Eastern Europe.

At present, the most positive possible scenario is that the war can be contained, and a ‘cold war 2.0’ scenario emerges, which may be a negative outcome but is the best currently possible,’ commented Dr Christof Engelskirchen, chief economist at Autovista Group. ‘This would at least bring stability back to the relationships within the industry that are currently unstable.’

New-car prices have been rising over the past two years. Spain, for example, has seen a 60% increase in new-car prices on average. ‘OEMs are reacting to two years of under supply by upping prices and optimising the margins by increasing prices for more-expensive variants even further, and this is not going to go away. We will have to keep this in mind when we talk about residual-value outlooks in the coming months,’ stated Engelskirchen.

The conflict in Ukraine is pushing up oil prices, meaning drivers are facing price increases at fuel pumps. There are questions around whether this will lead to an increase in EV sales. A survey held during the webinar saw 52% of respondents state they believed the situation would lead to a faster transition from internal-combustion engine (ICE) vehicles to EVs in the new car market, with only 19% saying it would not make a difference.

‘There is an ambition for customers to reduce dependency on oil and what better reason is there to move into the EV market as a consumer or business?’ Engelskirchen asked. ‘We may also see a positive effect on plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) as used cars, as these offer the best of both worlds. There are two caveats, however. The first is the rising cost of battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) and PHEVs, which are already expensive. The second is that purchasing decisions may be delayed, as the market has an under-supply and prices could come down, creating a different scenario on their usage, for example.’

Impact on big European markets already noticeable

The automotive industry has already seen the impact of supply-chain issues from the Ukraine war, with registrations in March declining rapidly as vehicle deliveries slowed. Several carmakers paused production, with items such as wiring harnesses not available and new sources of materials required.

‘In all the big five markets in Europe during March, we’ve seen double-digit declines,’ commented Neil King, senior data journalist at Autovista24. ‘These range from 14% in the UK to 30% in Spain and Italy, although there were extra mitigating circumstances in those markets. This impact was far more dramatic than expected, especially given that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine did not start until 24 February.

‘The current disruption that we are seeing in production is reflected in the outlook for these markets. There was optimism that a recovery from the semiconductor shortages seen throughout 2021 would be seen this year, but this recovery is now slower than anticipated. In Germany, for example, the market will be around 150,000 units lower than predicted prior to the war. This logic can be applied across all markets.’

Vehicle supply issues resulting from the Ukraine war, along with semiconductor shortages and COVID-19 could ordinarily push RVs up, due to potentially increased demand in the used-car market. ‘However, we have higher living costs, which not only affect demand for new cars, but also used cars, and higher financing because of rising interest rates, for example,’ cautioned King. ‘And secondly, as we have widely covered on Autovista24, RVs are at record levels, pretty much across the region. The net effect is that actually we are seeing very limited impact on residual values as it stands.’

Eastern Europe seeing reduced optimism

It is, of course, in Eastern Europe where much of the disruption to the automotive industry is focused. Inflation has increased, with the rate currently between 8% and 11%, increasing living costs as a result. Energy and fuel prices have also swollen rapidly, except in Hungary, where prices have been fixed for several years.

The war has also dampened expectations of a recovery from supply-chain issues in the region. Demand for new vehicles is still, therefore, higher than supply and due to the war, this will not be remedied in the short term.

‘The used-car market is being affected by the development of new-car prices,’ stated Zsolt Horvath, regional head of valuations, Eastern Europe, at Autovista Group. Prices have been rising steadily for three years now, and are currently around 16% higher compared to 2019. In the case of Hungary, the change is even bigger. The continued weakening of the local currency means the change is 30%. That has a huge effect on one to three-year-old used car prices as well. 

‘The question is the rising raw material and energy prices: how will increasing costs impact production cost, then indirectly appear in the new prices as well.’

When it comes to the subject of RVs in eastern Europe, Horvath added: ‘These are already extremely high, and recently hit overall records. There are several effects of the Ukraine – Russia war on the markets in the region, some of them would increase while others would decrease their used-car prices. The impact on residual values is, therefore, expected to be relatively modest less than 1%.’

Sales of new and used-electric vehicles to grow in 2022, but challenges abound

While the automotive industry is on a fast track to electrification, questions remain about the strength and viability of electric sales in both new- and used-car markets.

Every carmaker is unveiling new electric models or plans to reduce and end the production of internal-combustion engine (ICE) vehicles. Gigafactories are being built across the continent, and technology providers are continuing a pace to bring more relevant systems to the market – ones that emulate and improve upon decades of ICE rule.

But does this progress help or hinder the market for battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), especially in the used-car market? For the used market, there’s challenges. New automotive technology, improved ranges, and faster charging times for newly-launched electrically-chargeable vehicles (EVs) are likely to put pressure on EVs when they reach the forecourts of used-car dealerships across Europe.

In addition, numerous masking and economic factors are still at play. The COVID-19 pandemic impact may be much lower than it was throughout 2020 and 2021, but the automotive market is still suffering. Add in a new variant such as Omicron and a pattern of easy disruption is unveiled. With a car being undoubtedly one of the biggest purchases a consumer makes, and with new-EV prices still very high, this is a segment that can see dramatic changes in a short space of time.

Europe the leader

The recent Autovista24 webinar: 2022 outlook – electrifying Europe’s new- and used-car market, charted the progress of the EV market in Europe to date and considered the issues and challenges building pressure on the used-car market.

‘Europe was the driver in global EV sales in 2020, with sales outside the continent suffering more due to the COVID-19 pandemic,’ commented Roland Irle, managing director at EV Volumes, a panellist on the webinar.

‘Strong policies and incentives in the market helped to drive this growth, and with other regions picking up last year, total worldwide registrations equated to 6.73 million in 2021, or an 8.3% market share, he added.’

Currently, Tesla is the global market leader when it comes to BEVs. But the tech company, one of the pioneers of the EV revolution, has been unable to keep up with rapid demand in Europe. All models sold on the continent in 2021, totalling around 170,000 units, were imported from China or USA. Yet new gigafactories in Berlin, Germany, and Austin, US, will expand Tesla’s global capacity to 1.5 million units in 2022, meaning others will need to work hard to displace Tesla from the top of the sales charts.

Irle expects cost parity compared to ICE evolve in the market across the coming years. Sales of ICE models will decline and new gigafactories will power up across Europe and the US.

‘We expect around 9.5 million BEV and PHEV deliveries globally for 2022,’ Irle added. ‘Our outlook for 2030 sees 40% of global car sales being BEVs and PHEVs.’ 

Economics at play

Factors such as increased regulation of the automotive market, and awareness of environmental challenges, are helping drive electrification. However, this transition coincides with the pandemic and its related economic impacts.

This disruption has seen both new and used-car sales fluctuate wildly in the last two years. ‘Used-car markets still fared much better than new-vehicles markets,’ commented Christof Engelskirchen, chief economist, Autovista Group. ‘So, in relative terms, stakeholders in the used-car market did well. From a price-realisation perspective, the markets performed really positively over the past two years, and those that had cars to sell benefitted from this.’

When it comes to rising car residual values (RVs), Engelskirchen highlighted that the UK was experiencing the most dramatic rise, thanks not just to COVID-19, but also the impact of Brexit and the ongoing semiconductor crisis. The UK also struggles as it is the only right-hand drive market in Europe, meaning used cars cannot be imported into the country to make up for a lack of supply. Elsewhere, Poland saw a strong economic rebound, which has affected both inflation in the country and the demand for used-vehicles.

‘Strong monetary and fiscal intervention has, so far, been supporting a rather quick V-shaped recovery,’ said Engelskirchen of the main European markets. ‘Forecasts improved over the past two years towards the speed of the recovery, but the recent COVID-19 Omicron variant has affected things. Rather than creating another wave, however, it has merely put a small “hockey stick” into the recovery trajectory. By the second quarter of this year, economies should have caught up again.’

Bubble build-up

A depressed supply of new vehicles and a rise in EV sales may not be enough to justify talks of a bubble when it comes to remarketing in the near term, but it is a scenario that could be building in the coming years.

‘We expect the volumes of to-be-remarketed young used cars to rise by more than 50% by 2030,’ stated Sonja Nehls, principal analyst, Launch Intelligence, Autovista24. ‘With the rise of leasing and private contract purchases, holding periods decrease and that increases the number of young used vehicles entering the used-car market, from nearly new up to 36 months old. A bubble could very well be forming out of this. 

Further development to come

The used electric-vehicles market is still not fully developed in Europe, with numerous challenges facing the industry. Infrastructure is not yet on a sufficient level in some countries for drivers to consider an EV purchase, and the new-car market is still heavily incentivised in various regions. ‘This remarketing risk is difficult to grasp and requires close observation and risk management,’ added Nehls.

One challenge for BEV remarketing is lifecycle depreciation, which will continue to be higher than for ICE vehicles. The main reason for this is the high pace of technological developments, making older cars almost obsolete. ‘Over the past two years, the average range of a BEV has increased by 100km,’ Nehls highlighted. ‘That puts some realistic price pressure on used BEVs in the near future, until ranges in the used-car market are beyond 500km on average. Range is just one example, however, as upgrades to charging technology, and the introduction of features-on-demand in new cars pile pressure on older vehicles.’

Transcript – 2022 Outlook: Electrifying Europe’s new-and used-car markets

Phil: Hello and welcome to Autovista24’s latest webinar, the 2022 outlook electrifying Europe’s new-and used-car markets. I’m Phil Curry, Editor of Autovista24 and before we get into today’s discussion, I want to give you a brief overview of what Autovista24 is all about. We bring you analysis of latest topics and challenges facing the automotive industry through various different mediums, news features and data driven articles. We also have multimedia channels through podcasts and YouTube which allow us to dig deeper into the information that you need for your everyday businesses. We bring together the expertise of Autovista Group in one place to keep you informed about everything going on in the automotive market. You can visit us at autovista24.com and while you’re there don’t forget to sign up to our daily email which brings you everything you need to know directly to your inbox every morning.

Now, as part of Autovista24, we have also launched a new report. This has been published in January and focuses on automotive trends and growth opportunities for new-and used-passenger cars. It’s available now and the link is on screen now. Now, this report covers everything from electrification to ramifications for new and used car markets across Europe. Deep dive into segment trends for some of the most popular power trains, car residual values for the key markets in Europe and recommendations for OEMs, fleet and finance, dealers and governments. It’s a really interesting read so make sure you check it out and this slide deck will be available to you after this presentation. So, if you haven’t had a chance to take note of that URL, you will get to again shortly afterwards.

Now, electrification is really taking off. We’re seeing an increasing number of car makers announcing their electric-only plans. Regulations as well are really forcing the market down that route with current fit for 55 proposals suggesting 100% emissions reduction from 2035. There’s also increasing consumer focus on electrically-chargeable vehicles, battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. They’re also new brands coming through to market, new launches, new concepts all of which are embracing electrification. We saw quite a lot of this recently at CES2022 with a number of car makers highlighting new automotive technology. Everything from small quad recycles right up to electric pickup trucks. One of the most interesting concepts was the Mercedes-Benz EQXX with a range of around 1,000 kilometers. It may only be a concept, but such technology, such ideas surely are on the drawing board for car makers and you can catch up with all of our CES coverage which covers a lot about electrification again on autovista24.com. If you click on our video channel you’ll find our presentation.

Now, today we’re going to be covering a number of topics and of course at the end of this you will get an opportunity to ask your questions about them. On the right-hand side of the screen is a box where you can put in your questions throughout the webinar. Don’t wait until the end if you see something, you hear something that’s of interest put it into the box. I may even interrupt our experts while they’re talking. We will do our best to respond to all unanswered questions after our Q&A session even if we don’t get time to answer them in this webinar. So, again make use of this opportunity when you can and at the end as well contact details of our experts will follow.

Now, our agenda today is going to take us through some really interesting topics as we look forward to 2022. We’ll look at the state of Europe’s electric vehicles market, marketing factors and economic strength, the risks of a bubble build up before a summary and the Q&A that I just mentioned and I’m really delighted to be joined by some of Autovista Group’s top experts today. We have Dr. Christof Engelskirchen who is Chief Economist at Autovista Group. Roland Irle who is a managing director at EV volumes and Sonja Nehls principal and analyst launch intelligence also at Autovista24. Thank you all very much for joining me.

Now, first of all we’re going to look at state of Europe’s EV market in the new vehicle market. Now, I’m going to come to you Roland. The market is currently seeing shares of almost 20% for battery-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids, electrically-chargeable vehicles as a whole that’s quite a success story. It’s quite a rise especially over the last couple of years, but how surprised are you about this trajectory? Is the market at risk of overheating?

Roland: Almost probably not overheating. In terms of volumes, the growth in Europe was as expected. However, as the Europe auto sales stayed considerably below expectations, share came out higher 17% for the year. December saw a new record with 25% EVs in new car sales and in 2020 Europe was the EV growth motor with a sales increase of 138% from 2019 to 2020. In 2021 the increase stayed at 66% while the other regions grew even much faster.

Source: www.ev-volumes.com; roland.irle@ev-volumes.com

Phil: Could you put into some context for us? What’s happening around us at the moment?

Roland: Well around the world EVs are growing at a very strong pace now and this is partly explained by the low base effect as EV sales outside Europe suffered more from the pandemic during 2020. Even if they were more resilient than the total car markets. With strong incentives and policies, Europe kicked off the EV boom in 2020 and in last year in 2021 the other regions made up for the stagnations they had seen during the 2020 pandemic and globally this added up to 6.75 million deliveries of EVs. 108% increase over 2020 and the 8.3% market share which is quite a lot.

Phil: So, what are some of the common drivers for the market? What’s happening to bolster these higher adoption rates around the world?

Roland: Well, we see some common denominators like the portfolio expansion in EVs from almost all OEMs with improved products, notably e-range at almost unchanged prices. Another important reason is charging infrastructure built out the higher priorities on EVs are getting in marketing and distribution and also exports. Then we have environmental concern and health concern. In particular now after these experiences we have increases in awareness and inexperience with EVs. They are more on the road, they are seen everywhere now. Oil prices are high, they are above pre-pandemic level now and they are often combined with higher taxes on fossil fuels and then we have the cost decline of renewable energy installations like solar panels and EV ownership that go hand in hand and as these motivators will mostly stay with us for the coming years we are very optimistic about future EV adoption.

Phil: Now, forecasters sometimes they can be wildly ambitious but in the case of EVs forecasts have been rising and rising for 20/30s particularly including yours. How ambitious are you compared to other forecasters and what’s the reason for that?

Roland: Well, we have been rather bullish about the EV potential since a long time and when we started EV volumes back in 2015, we were already looking back to five years of steady EV sales increase and product improvements as well. Sure enough we had to revise our forecast both up and down, but then the forecast is never one and done and we adjust continuously. You can show this chart.

Source: AD Little, CAM, Deloitte, EV-volumes, IHS Markit, McKinsey; www.ev-volumes.com; roland.irle@ev-volumes.com, Autovista Group Analysis

Yes, this is an example for various 2030 EV forecasts for Europe including ours and in the early days of our company the picture would have been very different when our forecasts were a multiple of what traditional agencies were predicting. Today we are usually in the upper third of the forecast range.

Phil: So, what can we expect for 2022 as we’re discussing today and also for long term?

Roland: Well, for this year we are expecting 9.5 million BEV and PHEV deliveries globally which is another increase of 42% of the high increase we have seen this year. This will calm down, but we still will see a considerable increase maybe more if supply chain work and our outlook for 2030 is that around 40% of global light vehicle sales will be BEVs and PHEVs.

Source: www.ev -volumes.com; roland.irle@ev-volumes.com

Phil: Now, we wouldn’t be talking about electric vehicles if I didn’t mention the ‘t’ word so Tesla. Will Tesla be as dominant in 2022 and 2023 as they were last year and what was the most exciting announcements that’s going to keep the industry really surging forward with everything?

Roland: Tesla has made the number one position this year again. Nine hundred and thirty-six thousand deliveries which is a clear number one and what we foresee is that they will retain this position for quite a while and in their current position they are constrained by supply and logistics and they could for instance not keep up with the rapid growth of EV sales in Europe. All Europe volumes of Tesla which was 170,000 last year is imported from either China or USA. Tesla is opening two factories this year. One in Berlin and one in Austin Texas and Tesla is increasing local capacity to approximately 1.5 million units for 2022 depending how the ramp up works out and by this they can keep and maybe even extend this sales lead. Midterm, new products in very large auto segments like pickup trucks in the US and compact SUVs worldwide will further solidify Tesla’s position.

Some exciting announcements I think we can look forward to is in the next year’s cost parity of EVs with ICE vehicles or EVs outselling their ICE counterparts. Spoiler alert, BMW 4 series and i4 Europe and USA battery plants going online in large scale among many other things, but these three I’m looking most forward to.

Phil: Excellent Roland thank you very much. We’re now going to move on to our next sector masking factors and economic strength. Now, before I come to you Christof, I’d like to come to you our audience instead. I’d like to get your opinions, your views in our survey. How concerned are you about risks of a bubble build up on Europe’s used car markets in 2022 and 2023? Very concerned, do you think prices have risen for used cars too much? Are you mildly concerned, some smaller down corrections maybe? Or not concerned at all, do you think that supply constraints may keep prices stable? So, we’re going to run this survey now. We’re going to keep this open for a minute or two. So again, just to reiterate there how concerned are you about the risks of a bubble build up on Europe’s used car markets in 2022 and 2023? And while we keep this on-screen I would just like to highlight that the slide deck and a video of this webinar session will be made available to you all at the end. So, I have no worries that if you missed any details, any links, if you want to see any of those charts again you can do.

You don’t have to be scripting down notes furiously. So, just keep this up on screen just for a little while longer. Again, be really good to hear your views or see your views on this subject. Okay, I think we can look at some results now. So, here we are. So, mildly concerned, some smaller downward corrections, 46% obviously leading the way there. Very concerned and not concerned 20%, It’s quite an interesting response rate actually though.

So, Christof, I’ll now come to you. We’ll see on the back of this the current market dynamics are not fantastic at the moment. Everything still seems to be very largely disrupted and it’s very difficult to predict as well. What are the masking factors that are affecting automotive markets at present?

Christof: Yes, this is a good question and one that we have been struggling with because there are so many factors at the moment that have such a high and disruptive impact on supply and demand that it’s so challenging right now to predict what’s going to happen and the ones that you can see on the screen at the moment there are other ones that will stay with us for a little bit longer. So, we have Covid19 which for example not only had this disruptive effect on suppliers, on supply chains across the world, but also on demand. So, the demand for cars was rising a lot over the past two years and supply couldn’t keep up. We’ve seen that strong monetary and fiscal intervention and the latest risk that has surfaced is inflation, but there’s also this you know more systematic risk now around chip shortage which has been with us for some time. It’s going to go away to some extent over the next 6-12 months, but when you see what suppliers are saying they keep mentioning the automotive industry. It’s just a very small you know fraction of those asking for better and improved chips. So, in the end this will stay with us for a little bit longer and the demand for chips will just keep on rising for other devices as well, not just cars and we have that European green deal which is such a powerful piece of industrial policy and a lot of the things that Roland just mentioned earlier are so much affected by Europe’s green deal rather than a superiority of the battery-electric vehicle for example, from a suitability for daily everyday use or from a pricing perspective. So, it’s very much driven by you know the carrot and stick approach and that Europe, the EU but also national governments are putting upon us.

Phil: Now, during the Covid19 pandemic we saw the new-car market fluctuate wildly at some point. The used-car market seemed a bit more stable, there was peaks and troughs but not as bad. Would you consider therefore that the used-car market was the winner in the pandemic?

Christof: Yeah, I mean first of all the used market also suffered in terms of number of transactions. Not as much as the new-car market that was down or still is down 25% versus pre-pandemic 2019 levels, but what people are usually saying with regard to the used-car market is that they developed favorably in terms of prices because of the factors that we have just shown you on the page, but this chart in particular speaks to the Covid19 situation and how it has propelled used car prices up.

Source: Autovista Group Residual Value Intelligence

Really, the thing to bear in mind here is that supply was heavily constrained and demand was so much higher than ever before for cars and so all this together eventually washed through into rising prices. So, if you were in a lucky position to have cars to sell you could actually benefit a lot from that situation, but as I said, the number of transactions has come down considerably.

Probably there are two lines that stick out a little bit on this chart, one is the UK price is up almost 30%. By the way, most of this is happening in 2021 and the reason here is that the market is particularly closed off. Not just because of the steering wheel setup on the right side. So, you can’t really import cars into that market which could have helped the supply situation, but also Brexit hasn’t helped and so that’s actually propelled prices in that market to very unhealthy levels and very painful levels if you’re in need of buying a car. For Poland we see the line underneath is also rising quite steeply or well actually quite steadily but to very high levels as well and here the reason is more the economic strength of that country and in particular Eastern Europe is very much focused on used-car markets. They are buying a lot of used cars relative to new vehicles and they are feeling the pain of the supply restrictions. Also, in both markets we recover that a bit later inflation rates are particularly high and this also washes through to car prices and vice versa. The majority of markets between 10% and 15% increased of used car prices over the past two years and the Nordics have been a bit softer in that in net increase and so that’s what we see in the market at the moment.

Phil: Now, the Omicron variant caused a bit more sort of panic over the winter periods. How strong are our economies and can they weather the Omicron storm, the perceived disruption it may rule?

Christof: Yeah, I think what we are seeing in governments and the forecast institute all over the world if you look to the left side we have a pretty fast economic rebound scenario here. When we started in 2020 people were talking about all kinds of different letters to describe the expected recovery scenario. There was a W, there was a U, there was a swoosh, but most of them were pointing towards longer recovery times and then trajectories. Now, what we are seeing really is a V-shaped recovery due to very strong monetary and fiscal intervention, very powerful. You know money was almost free, but actually it was free at times and this was done to really buffer the effects that the crisis; there could have been an economic one, to buffer this off and basically secure that consumer spend was still there and consumer demand was still high in a lot of economies. So, that’s why forecasts have been improving and you see on the left chart how they improve from red to blue. If you were to draw this in 2020 this chart it would have been even more extreme how fast the forecasters had to overrule their previous forecast.


Now, on the right side you see the Omicron effect and what we’ve said on the slide is that Omicron is throwing a bit of a hockey stick into the recovery, but it’s not derailing recovery at all. So, if you look at the dark blue lines they are the Omicron scenario, the one that we’re currently living through and the expectation is basically by the end of next quarter we will have recovered what we have lost in the last quarter of last year and in the first quarter of this year.

Phil: What about inflation? Is there a risk of an overheating we say of economies?

Christof: It’s a good question and one that has been raised most recently as we saw prices for several goods in particular, energy and oil and also goods that are affected by international supply chains rise in prices. So, the price increase is very real. One caveat we have to give is that we’re always comparing and when you see these numbers they’re always comparing the month of the previous year. So, if you look at 2021 December and you compare it with December of 2020 which is around this area here, you can see how inflation was actually negative in those months in or close to zero in some of these markets.


So, obviously if you are comparing now with a let’s say normal month, inflation is higher than it was a year ago, but that’s just one side of the source. So, inflation is actually a risk at the moment but what institutes and banks are seeing and saying and I second that very much is something that can be managed down quite effectively by raising interest rates and we’re seeing this happening in the UK, in the USA. Europe has been underestimating a little bit the inflation that’s what Mrs. Lagarde said and just recently. They haven’t increased rates as of yet, but the expectation is that they might and we have to understand that the interest rates are zero, close to zero or very small levels and that’s certainly not a situation which is good for normal behaviors of prices. So, a slight increase is actually going to be now helpful to keep inflation, to moderate it down. A little bit of a negative effect on stock markets, but the more sustainable scenario than the one that we had two years and three years ago.

Phil: Christof, thank you. We’ll move on now to our next section which is looking at the risk of a bubble build up. Sonja, I come to you. We see a depressed supply of new cars and a rise in EV sales that’s not enough to justify talks about a bubble buildup is it?

Sonja: Thanks Phil and yeah you’re right now and in the near term it certainly is not, but things are expected to look a bit different in the coming years and we just heard about the massive growth of the European EV market and we also heard about all the masking factors and influences shaping our economy and our daily lives at the moment and the question now is whether underneath all of those economic circumstances a remarketing bubble is building up. So, let’s look into the three main risks we have identified and continuously look into.


So, the number one here is with the rise of leasing and private contract purchases, holding periods of new cars decrease and that in turn increases the number of young used vehicles entering the usedcar market and here on that graph you see a split between the nearly new ones, so talk about 6-12 months and the up to 36 months typical off-lease cars and we expect the volumes of those to be remarketed. Young used vehicles to rise by more than 50% by 2030 and yes, a bubble could very well be forming out of this.

Phil: We just had a question in Sonja. Is this showing EV only or is it showing all powertrains?

Sonja: This is all powertrains, but we can move on to the next slide and then we’ll see more about EVs in specific because those increasing remarketing volumes they hold true for all powertrains, but here we have a bit of an indication about what we think is happening for EVs.

Source: Autovista Group Analysis

So, we see remarketing volumes for EVs around 120 billion Euros and that is conservatively estimated on year-on-year. So, annually 120 billion Euros and even very slight changes in car residual values will account for large amounts of money or remarketing risk if you want to say and in this indication one percentage point of residual value roughly equals one billion Euro and with the EV used-car market still not being fully developed infrastructure not yet on a sufficient level in some countries, yes and others not certainly not in all and we have a heavily incentivized new car business. This remarketing risk is very difficult to grasp and requires close observation and risk management.

Phil: So, what exactly is the issue with say battery-electric vehicle remarketing?

Sonja: Yeah, one challenge certainly is the topic of lifecycle depreciation and that will continue to be higher than for a combustion engine vehicles and the main reason for this is the very high pace of technological advancements in BEVs and this example here shows how ranges are developing and over the past two years the average range increased by 100 kilometers or a quarter and that puts really some very realistic price pressure on used BEVs for the near future until ranges are beyond let’s say 500 kilometers.


Not only on the new-car market, but also in the used-car market. So, about three years after we’ve reached that on a new car market and range is just one example. There’s also a charging technology. So, a lot of talk is about the 800 volts charging technology and things like that at the moment. So, this is mainly related to the speed of DC charging and then we also have the capability of upgrading features later in the life cycle and maintaining your BEV more fresh and more up-to-date via features on demand or over-the-air updates and of course another big point and we’ve touched on that before is government incentives and they almost exclusively apply to new-car purchases and thus, they bring down transaction prices and the starting points for residual value positioning and this in combination with the lack of incentives for used car buyers puts a lot of pressure on the willingness to pay basically for used-BEV buyers and that’s probably the main reason why the used-car market for EVs develops more slowly than it does for the new-car market.

Phil: So, what about the internal combustion engine remarketing is after rising values are we going to see them coming down?

Sonja: Yeah, let’s look at that slide where we have the RV development over the past two years split by powertrains and this is an example for France, but it looks very similar in most of the countries and here what you can see is that the different pace of adoption in the used-car market is different and it shows how different BEVs fared versus the ICE and how strong the demand for ICE vehicles is still on the used-car market and yes, we believe that there may be some downward correction in some markets when it comes to ICE.


So, for example as we’ve seen earlier in the UK the 30% there will be some downward corrections, but the continued phase out of ICE on the new-car market helps to keep values on used-car markets at a good level. So, yes, there will be some smaller downward corrections but a large share of those RV increases we’ve seen over the past two years will be sustained and in our most recent report we provide very detailed forecasts by market, by segment and by fuel type about what we expect to happen in 2022/23.


That report is delivered in an online format and includes an interactive multi-country dashboard which illustrates the forecast at a glance and so let’s give a give you a sneak preview into that. As we see here in this very first dashboard we have the forecast for c-segment diesel vehicles which will continue to have rising RVs in all countries, but the UK and even there it’s only a very small correction compared to the 30% increase we saw earlier. If we go to another example from that interactive dashboard we see that for plug-in hybrids in that case the picture is completely different and there will have consistent downward corrections in all countries but Italy and that’s mainly because in Italy the starting point for residual values for plug-in hybrids is comparatively lower than it is for other countries.


So, this report as you said in the beginning was published just now. It’s fresh from the press and you can visit the site that we see on the next slide for as a reminder to find out more and leave your contact details so we can get in touch.

Phil: Indeed, thank you Sonja and I do recommend everybody have a look at this it’s definitely packed full of information, it’s definitely a worthwhile report.

Thank you to all of the panel. We’ll come to the Q&A shortly, but I just want to give a quick summary of some of the points that we’ve discussed in this session. So, the market share of EVs in Europe is almost 20% for the full year 2021 and by 2030 we can expect EV market shares of 50% or more in Europe. There’s several masking factors that keep on disrupting supply and demand balance, but easing expected at least in towards the second half for 2022. Covid19 has propelled prices to new heights. It’s been a run on internal combustion engine cars due to lack of supply and stable demand, but battery-electric vehicle RV is underperformed relative to ICE. Lifestyle affects low levels of used-car market adoption, just some of the reasons for this. ICE RV’s should stay stable in 2022 and 2023 with the exception of the UK market. Electric vehicle RVs will come under pressure in most markets but they will not fall off a cliff.

Now, we have time for a few questions. We’ve had a few coming in already and again, if you haven’t already and you want to there’s a box in the right-hand side of your screen to input your questions. Now, if we don’t get to you during this session we will come to you afterwards. We’ll make contact with you.

There’s a lot of talk about battery health certificates supporting the used-car market, but what impact on value do you think there would be if say a battery was 80% health versus 90% health? Would this matter for different segments and different markets as well?

Christof, you want to pick that one up?

Christof: Yes, absolutely Phil. That’s a good question and one where we have been working together with Twaice and also with Truth and there’s a white paper actually that people can download or a link to that we can also, I hope Phil we can also put in the chat or send afterwards to the participants, or you can Google it. If you Google Autovista24 power of signaling you will find it on the internet.

So, the question was whether it has an impact on residual values whether state of health is 80% or 90% and I mean the key answer is yes and we put some numbers in that white paper as well for you to have a look. There’s one thing that we have to bear in mind, so if we’re talking about 80% where every other particular vehicle of the same model has 90%, then you know there is some sort of mistreatment in place, or bad quality in place and that has an impact. If 80% is a very normal behavior for that particular model, after let’s say eight years of being in the road and 120,000 kilometers or something like that then the 80% still also has an impact but it’s a normal BEV typical depreciation curve.

So, what the battery health certificate is good at if it’s being implemented is to show how first of all different qualities of let’s say manufacturer quality of the battery has an impact and shows in a certificate or how different treatments of the car have an impact and the idea here again have a look at the white paper, it’s quite detailed if we want to establish a win-win situation here, that if people treat their battery better, so not charging to more than 90%, not too much fast charging then this should wash through in a much better battery quality and that should show in remarketing results and there’s a win-win for everyone. So, we’re not trying to punish anyone here, but really a win-win scenario for everyone.

Phil: Indeed, and I have got that link. I’m just going to put it into the chat box there so if anyone’s interested in reading that white paper the details are in the chat box on the right-hand side of your screen.

In 2021 Tesla delivered 900,000 cars. It seems that Tesla wasn’t affected by the semiconductor, the microchip crisis. Is that your point of view and do you think that Tesla will now be disrupted by other OEMs in the future as they come onto the market?

Roland, do you want to pick that one up?

Roland: I think Tesla paid more for chips in 2021 and 2020 than in the years before. There was a lack of chips on the markets. The advantage of Tesla was that they could make it to oversimplify, to buy whatever chip they wanted and reprogram it or reprogram the car around it. Tesla’s vehicles are more soft wired than hardwired, so they had it easier.

For their future prospects, whether they can maintain the lead in the market? Yes, for a considerable time. We know they are supply constrained, we know they have much more demand than they can deliver. Very long delivery times, logistic challenges present only in two or three segments. So, they’re not covering for instance their home markets, the United States in all states, they are still banned from establishing distribution centers in 20 of the US states. So, there’s a lot of untapped potential for Tesla in the market considering the narrow portfolio they have today and considering the logistics and market representation which they can improve.

Phil: Thank you and we’ve had a couple of questions come in. Some people have had to unfortunately drop out and come back into the presentation, so just to reiterate again the webinar slide and the video, this presentation will be available after this session has ended. So, if you’ve missed anything don’t worry, you will have the opportunity to catch up.

Do you see risks for new BEVs like the Volkswagen id3 that has a range below 500 kilometers?

Should we go with that one Sonja?

Sonja: Yeah, I think it may be linked to what I said earlier about the 500 kilometers of range being available on the used-car market as well and that’s a point where people stop worrying about range altogether, but that in turn doesn’t really mean that there is a bigger risk for cars that don’t have those 500 kilometers right now. You always have to compare with what is available, what you need for your use case and of course you always have the versions with different battery packs available.

So, no there’s not party fault a risk for all cars that don’t have those 500 kilometers, but of course once they get older and enter the used-car market they will be in a stark competition with newer models that are maybe available with higher ranges at lower costs because those technological advancements have a very high speed at the moment. So, yes they will be in a competition and they will have to take that competition, but that doesn’t automatically mean that they are all under a huge risk. It just means that once we’re over 500 kilometers people just don’t worry about that topic anymore and other things get much more important like the speed of charging.

Christof: Maybe if I could just add a little bit on. I mean what Sonja has described in terms of range progression washes through into life cycle depreciation. So, it would be a risk if now suddenly cars come to market which have 700/800 kilometers of range in that WATP setup and cost the same. So, that would be a huge risk of course, but that’s not something that is likely to happen anytime soon. Everything else is currently already happening right? So, every year range goes up and as long as we are under that sweet spot of beyond 500 real range, life cycle depreciation kicks in but that is already baked into the forecast and into the market. So, it’s not a new risk, it’s a BEV life cycle appreciation fact. We have a lot of data and we can observe that in a lot of models.

Phil: Excellent, thank you.

We are coming to the end of our time. So, we’ll leave the Q&A there, but thank you for everybody who has submitted a question. As I said, we’re not going to ignore them, we’re going to pass them on to our panel afterwards and we’ll be in touch to give you an answer there and again, if you have any questions, if you’ll be watching this or you think of something a little later on today the contact details of our panel are there on screen. So, please do get in touch if you’ve got any thoughts, you want to know any more information and again don’t forget to look at the automotive trend report 2022 and register your interest. The link to our landing page is there on screen and again it will be available in the catch up and the on-demand as well so don’t worry about noting that down and it covers a vast array of information across different segments looking at electric across new-and used-vehicles markets as well. So, again I’d like to thank our panel for joining me. It’s been a very interesting discussion today and don’t forget as well to check out autovista24.com for the latest news, features and data analysis of the automotive market and while you’re there don’t forget to sign up to our daily email where amongst other things you’ll get notifications of future webinars that we’re planning to hold. Thank you all very much for joining us and we’ll see you soon.

Webinar on demand – Automotive megatrends: the effect on used car markets

Our panel of experts shed light on automotive megatrends and what they mean for used car markets over the next five years.

Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Get insight on:

  • Which of the automotive megatrends is the most disruptive for used car markets
  • The importance of a TCO perspective for remarketing of alternative powertrain types
  • When used car markets will be ready to absorb EVs
  • Whether autonomous driving and advanced driver assistance systems will be differentiators for used car remarketing
  • What does the “agent model” mean for dealers and OEMs – how relevant will the network be in the future?

Hear from our experts:

  • Phil Curry, Editor, Autovista Group Daily Brief
  • Sonja Nehls, Managing Director Car To Market & Consulting at Autovista Group
  • Dr. Christof Engelskirchen, Chief Economist at Autovista Group

Webinar on demand – Europe’s used car markets: recovery from Covid-19

Hosted by a panel of Autovista Group experts, we explore in-depth the European used car market.

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Get insight on:

  • Performance differences by age cluster – those segments that rising, stable or falling
  • How dealers are pricing and what is happening to the stock of used cars
  • The impact of government incentives on the remarketing values of electric vehicles
  • Residual values outlook across 19 markets for 2021 and 2022
  • What OEMs, fleet operators, leasing companies need to do in order to be best prepared for 2021 and 2022

Hear from our experts:

  • Dr. Christof Engelskirchen, Chief Economist, Autovista Group
  • João Areal, Head of Valuation, Eurotax Portugal
  • Robert Madas, Valuations and Insights Manager, Eurotax Austria and Switzerland
  • Johan Trus, Chief Editor, Autovista Sweden

Webinar on Demand: Glass’s Monthly UK Market Update – May 2021

Our May webinar took place on Tuesday 11th May 2021 which provided an overview and update on the UK car and LCV markets.

Please view the recording of the webinar below, you can also view the webinar presentation slides here.

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Webinar on demand: Glass’s Monthly UK Market Update – April 2021

Our April webinar took place on Tuesday 13th April 2021 and provided an overview and update on the UK car and LCV markets.

Please view the recording of the webinar below, you can also view the webinar presentation slides here.

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Webinar on demand: Glass’s Monthly UK Market Update – March 2021

Our March webinar which took place on Wednesday 10th March 2021 provides an overview and update on the UK car and LCV markets.

Please view the recording of the webinar below, you can also view the webinar slides here.

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Webinar on demand: Electric vehicles – the remarketing risk

Hosted by a panel of Autovista Group experts, we discuss what you should focus on in order to maximise the opportunities available and minimise the risk in your portfolio.

Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Get insight on:

  • The threats and opportunities posed by EV and Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) technologies within the French, German, Italian, Spanish and UK markets
  • How to use the opportunities around the electrification of automotive mobility to your advantage
  • Learnings from the world’s most mature EV market – Norway. Courtesy of Geir Kristoffersen, Managing Director of Rødboka (now part of Autovista Group)
  • How to adjust your scenario planning and quantify the remarketing risks for your portfolio

Hear from our experts:

  • Dr. Christof Engelskirchen, Chief Economist, Autovista Group
  • Ana Azofra, Valuation and Insights Manager, Autovista Spain
  • Andreas Geilenbrügge, Head of Valuations and Insights, Schwacke
  • Marco Pasquetti, Forecast and Data Specialist, Autovista Italy
  • Yoann Taitz, Operations and Valuations Director, Autovista France
  • Anthony Machin, Head of Content and Product, Glass’s
  • Geir Kristoffersen, Managing Director, Rødboka

Webinar on demand: Glass’s Monthly UK Market Update – February 2021

Our February webinar which took place on Tuesday 9th February 2021, provides an overview and update on the UK car and LCV markets.

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Q&A from the webinar with Anthony Machin

What prospect for ‘efuel’ vehicles as an alternative to electric particularly for LCV?

As an industry, we must reduce emissions. To do this we must investigate all possible alternatives. In the UK we already know what the deadlines are. The UK Government already has an ambitious plan to stop the sale of new cars and Light Commercial Vehicles (LCV) with pure internal combustion engines. Originally due to come into force in 2040, the Government has brought forward the ban to 2030. Between 2030 and 2035, new cars and vans can be sold with internal combustion engines if they can drive a significant distance with zero emissions (for example, plug-in hybrids or full hybrids), and this will be defined through consultation.

The Zero Emission directive here is key. Currently, Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) are the main route that most manufacturers are following to deliver this. Moving through this decade will see increasing investment in Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV) and the required clean hydrogen production and infrastructure to deliver this exciting next step. The Glass’s team currently see that there will be a strong mix of smaller BEVs whilst vehicles such as large SUVs, large vans and heavy commercial vehicles could see the benefits of FCEV moving forward.

For used vehicles, motorcycles and HCVs, eFuels offer an interesting alternative moving forward, especially as motorcycles and HCVs are not currently included in the Governments 2030 Road to Zero. However, the emissions from these fuels are still to be confirmed, especially particulate emissions which could still be a cause for concern.

Will there be an effect on supply due to the shortage of semiconductors?

Demand for semiconductors has soared during the pandemic as people, locked down at home, are buying new technology such as games consoles, laptops and TVs. Many of these products, including some laptops and next-generation games consoles, have sold out, or are subject to lengthy delivery delays. This is another factor that is currently affecting the supply of some vehicles from factories around the world. In the UK, the semiconductor shortage closed Honda’s Swindon plant in January for four days.

Are you expecting to see a reduction in the supply of vehicles into the UK due to the Rules of Origin Tariffs?

Although Glass’s does not predict a specific reduction in the supply of vehicles to the UK due to the Rules of Origin Tariffs (RoO), there are issues around the production of vehicles in the UK.

While the UK automotive industry avoided tariffs following BREXIT, the RoO requirements hidden within the new legislation are creating new barriers to trade. Before 1 January 2021, automotive products legally made in the UK could sell anywhere in the UK and the EU. From 1 January 2021, automotive manufacturers must provide proof that at least 40% of the value of the parts in a finished vehicle exported to the EU originated in the UK. This threshold climbs to 45% in 2023 and 55% in 2027.

With increasing battery-electric vehicle production, the need for domestic battery production is vitally important. Without this, OEMs are less likely to invest in the UK. The future must involve measures that can deliver long-term changes in the industry. There are ambitious targets to meet that address climate change and air quality goals. The fastest way to achieve these goals is to create business confidence and encourage the take-up of the latest low emission vehicles.

Key takeaways

  • Used car market overview – how are sales volumes, what is dealer activity like, and what are the fastest selling used cars
  • Residual values – recent movements, future movements, and our accuracy
  • Auction overview – volumes, values, footfall, and feedback
  • New car market overview – what’s happening with volumes, changes, and impact on the used market

Webinar on demand: The year in the rear-view and the road ahead – December 2020

Our December webinar, which took place on Thursday 10th December 2020, provides a round-up of the UK car and commercial vehicle markets in 2020 and a look ahead to what is likely to be an equally turbulent 2021. Jayson Whittington, Chief Car Editor and Andy Picton, Chief Commercial Vehicle Editor, joined Anthony, Head of Content for this webinar. Please view the webinar below.

You can also download the webinar slides here.

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Key takeaways

The year in review

  • How has the pandemic affected the market? What trends have emerged and what do they mean for the future?
  • What changes have there been in consumer buying behaviour?
  • How were car sales, finance, leasing, insurance, and body shops, impacted?

The year ahead

  • What can the industry do to continue the bounce back in 2021?
  • What are the most likely differences between a deal and no-deal Brexit and their effect on the market?
  • Will 2021 start to see a shift in stocking patterns, sales, residual values, and consumer buyer behaviour with the announcement of a ban on petrol and diesel new car sales from 2030?

FAQ’s – Below are some questions we received in the webinar that we didn’t have the opportunity to answer

Q1. In case of no-deal Brexit, what kind of level of demand decline do you project compared to your base case -13% YOY?

Currently, it is difficult to predict where a no-deal scenario will lie in terms of registrations in 2021. However, what we are currently confident of, is that 2021 will see increases in registrations versus 2020.

Q2. Can hybrids (PHEVs or HEV) will still be sold during 2030-2035?

A 2-phased approach to the process was announced Wednesday 18 November 2020 by the UK Government.

  1. Will see the phase-out date for the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans brought forward to 2030.
  2. Will see all new cars and vans be fully zero-emission at the tailpipe from 2035.

Between 2030 and 2035, new cars and vans can be sold if they can drive a significant distance with zero emissions (for example, plug-in hybrids or full hybrids), and this will be defined through consultation.

Q3. Andy; with most pick-ups built outside the EU, will they look better value vs. vans/cars that have tariffs applied? Will demand increase for these as new buys and will that affect used values?

Demand for pick-ups has declined over the last few years. It is unlikely that there will be a significant increase in demand for these vehicles even with the increase in prices for traditional vans due to import duties.

Q4. PV 2021 Outlook. – The outlook provided is much more positive than previous viewpoints (very welcomed!)-   Does Brexit play a big part in this change or do you still feel supply/ demand largely aligned regardless of Brexit outcome.

In terms of our 2021 outlook, we have taken into account the likely effects of BREXIT alongside the likely alignment of demand and supply as we head into 2021.

Q5. Based on what’s been said around home working and possibly people doing fewer car miles in the future, do you think the consumer move towards EV may be expedited?

Battery Electric Vehicles for first-time owners are becoming increasingly attractive for customers. However, their relative price point versus equivalent internal combustion engine vehicles is slowing the penetration in the UK. However, as cost of ownership studies are highlighting long term savings for drivers of BEVs, this penetration will likely continue to increase in pace.

Webinar on demand: COVID-19 residual value impact: the year ahead

Many European used car markets have been very resilient during the pandemic with demand outstripping supply, particularly for older used vehicles. Will used car markets expect more pressure towards the end of 2020 and beyond? What effect will rising infection rates and new restrictions have on the market? How long will these market conditions continue for?

Watch the webinar, where we present our latest update on how residual values will develop in a post-pandemic world.

Chaired by Phil Curry, Editor, Autovista Group Daily Brief. Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Hear from our experts:

  • Dr. Christof Engelskirchen, Chief Economist, Autovista Group
  • Ana Azofra, Valuation and Insights Manager, Autovista Spain
  • Andreas Geilenbrügge, Head of Valuations and Insights, Schwacke
  • Joao Areal, Editorial Manager, Eurotax Portugal
  • Marcin Kardas, Head of Editorial Team, Eurotax Poland Ulmis Horchidan, Chief Editor, Eurotax Romania

In just 45 minutes, you will get insight on:

  • The latest outlook for RV performance across Europe for 2020-2022
  • Pressures facing used car markets
  • How to provide input into your scenario planning and quantify the residual value risks for your portfolio
  • What our experts have to say on European and specific country market conditions

Webinar on demand: Glass’s Monthly UK Market Update – November 2020

Our November webinar, which took place on Tuesday 10th November 2020, provides an overview and update on the UK car and LCV markets.

Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Key takeaways

  • Used car market overview – how are sales volumes, what is dealer activity like, and what are the fastest selling used cars
  • Residual values – recent movements, future movements, and our accuracy
  • Auction overview – volumes, values, footfall, and feedback
  • New car market overview – what’s happening with volumes, changes, and impact on the used market

Webinar on demand: Glass’s Monthly UK Market Update – October 2020

Glass’s Head of Content & Product, Anthony Machin, provides an update on the UK car and LCV markets.

Our latest webinar, which took place on Tuesday 13th October 2020, gave an overview and update on the UK car and LCV markets.

Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Key takeaways

  • Used car market overview – how are sales volumes, what is dealer activity like, and what are the fastest selling used cars
  • Residual values – recent movements, future movements, and our accuracy
  • Auction overview – volumes, values, footfall, and feedback
  • New car market overview – what’s happening with volumes, changes, and impact on the used market

Webinar on demand: COVID-19 residual value impact: where are we now

What impact will COVID-19 have on vehicle residual values in Europe 2020-2022?

With many European countries now easing lockdown restrictions, how have used car markets reacted? More importantly, what impact will the pandemic have on used car markets and residual values during the coming years? How substantial are the risks in your portfolio? What are the opportunities that lie ahead?

Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Key takeaways:

  • The scenarios used by Autovista Group to quantify residual value risks for 2020-2022
  • European and specific country market conditions for 18 countries in Europe, including the UK
  • The impact COVID-19 has had on used car markets
  • How to fine-tune your business plans and the counter measures needed for the coming 12-18 months

Hear from our experts:

  • Phil Curry, Editor, Daily Brief
  • Christof Engelskirchen, Chief Economist, Autovista Group
  • Robert Madas, Valuation and Insights Manager, Eurotax Austria & Switzerland
  • Zsolt Horvath, Operations Manager, Eurotax Hungary
  • Yoann Tiatz, Operations and Valuations Director, Autovista France
  • Marco Pasquetti, Forecast and Data Specialist, Autovista Italy
  • Johan Trus, Head of Data and Valuations, Autovista Nordics

Webinar on demand: Glass’s Monthly UK Market Update – September 2020

Glass’s Head of Content & Product, Anthony Machin, provides an update on the UK car and LCV markets.

Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Key takeaways

  • Used car market overview – how are sales volumes, what is dealer activity like, and what are the fastest selling used cars
  • Residual values – recent movements, future movements, and our accuracy
  • Auction overview – volumes, values, footfall, and feedback
  • New car market overview – what’s happening with volumes, changes, and impact on the used market

Webinar on demand: Glass’s Monthly UK Market Update – July 2020

Glass’s Head of Content & Product, Anthony Machin, provides an update on the UK car and LCV markets.

Our July update webinar, which took place on Tuesday 14th July 2020, gave an overview and update on the UK car market.

Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Key takeaways

  • Used car market overview – how are sales volumes, what is dealer activity like, and what are the fastest selling used cars
  • Residual values – recent movements, future movements, and our accuracy
  • Auction overview – volumes, values, footfall, and feedback
  • New car market overview – what’s happening with volumes, changes, and impact on the used market

Webinar on demand: What impact will COVID-19 have on vehicle residual values in Europe 2020-2022?

What impact will COVID-19 have on vehicle residual values in Europe 2020-2022?

With many European countries now easing lockdown restrictions, how have used car markets reacted? More importantly, what impact will the pandemic have on used car markets and residual values during the coming years? How substantial are the risks in your portfolio? What are the opportunities that lie ahead?

Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Key takeaways:

  • The scenarios used by Autovista Group to quantify residual value risks for 2020-2022
  • European and specific country market conditions for 18 countries in Europe, including the UK
  • The impact COVID-19 has had on used car markets
  • How to fine-tune your business plans and the counter measures needed for the coming 12-18 months

Hear from our experts:

  • Christof Engelskirchen, Chief Economist, Autovista Group
  • Ana Azofra, Valuation and Insights Manager, Autovista Spain
  • Andreas Geilenbrügge, Head of Valuations and Insights, Schwacke
  • Marcin Kardas, Head of Editorial Team, Autovista Polska
  • Anthony Machin, Head of Content and Product, Glass’s
  • Idesbald Vannieuwenhuyze, Chief Editor and Valuations Manager, Autovista Benelux

Webinar on demand: What impact has COVID-19 on the UK market

This webinar focussed on the impact COVID-19 has had on the UK market and included a whistlestop tour around Europe to see how our neighbours have fared through the pandemic.

Trouble viewing the webinar video? Click here

Question & answer session

We received so many questions that we couldn’t answer all of them during the session. Here we provide answers to those questions we didn’t get around to on the webinar.

In projecting such a strong recovery are you at risk of being overoptimistic if there’s a deeper recession generally with high levels of unemployment e.g. in the leisure, entertainment and restaurant sectors?

Just to clarify, what was the main reason why UK RV values are expected to be more resilient than Europe? Was this mainly driven by the supply side?

With our current data, and assessing data from significant recessional periods in the past we are confident that the UK market has the potential to come back strongly and relatively quickly. As an island that drives on the left, there will be specific supply constraints for the UK which will continue to affect the availability of new cars.

The supply of new cars could be further curtailed as we negotiate the UK trade deals with Europe. These trade deals are likely to negatively affect the Euro / Pound Exchange rate further increasing the price of new cars, whilst at the same time positively affecting the demand for used cars.

As unemployment continues to rise the makeup of the demand in the automotive market is likely to change with it. Firstly, additional unemployment is likely to force a further contraction in the new car market. Conversely, this is likely to increase demand in the used car market again strengthening the recovery of used car values, this was last witnessed during the 2008 financial crisis.

How excited are you about the rumours of a government grant of £6,000 linked to scrappage?

The possibility of a new scrappage scheme would be a welcome boost to the industry. However, it will need to be targeted and realistic. Taking possible new car supply constraints into account, especially the availability of battery electric vehicles which had supply issues before the pandemic, government grants may just replace offers from the manufacturers themselves boosting their profits.

Why do you think the new car sales forecast will decline in Q4 when the SMMT are predicting it will rise during the same period?

Taking Glass’s forecast methodology into account, the forecast presented in the webinar is our latest forecast taking account of the weakening economy and the latest news around redundancies. Many of these redundancies are likely to be long term across multiple industries including automotive. Although we predict Septemeber close to 2019, October, November and December will be lower as consumer confidence and spending power continues to fall.

What impact do you think a government stimulus package will have and which segments will benefit the most?

We currently believe the stimulus package will benefit the retail and hospitality industries most. Although there have been redundancies announced in this sector, specifically by the owner of Frankie & Benny’s however, these redundancies were announced in February with the closure of several Frankie & Benny’s and Chiquito restaurant sites.

How do you think the lack of wholesale stock will affect prices? BCA currently have 9300 vehicles available for sale where they normally have around 20,000 this time of year.

Current undersupply of vehicles in the wholesale market is allowing remarketing companies to reaccess their UK selling strategies. We have already seen auction sales go 100% online with many of the auction companies suggesting that physical sales will not recommence quickly.

UK auction buyers are adopting to the online world with sales and first-time conversion rising. As logistics become accessible, more used vehicles will become available in the auction channels increasing supply at a time when buyers have growing confidence in buying at online sales.

Are older cars selling better because the public don’t want to use public transport?

There are several reasons why older lower price cars are in demand currently. In most cases, customers are seeking the best value for money available. Glass’s May analysis of the UK’s fastest-selling vehicles confirms this. The reasons are varied, however, from conversations with our dealer contacts, the main reason stated by customers currently appears to be that they are looking for alternative ways of getting to work to avoid public transport.

Is there expected to be a significant increase in cars entering the UK used car market, following the end of payment holidays and PCP maturity extensions later this year? Is this expected to have a tangible effect on RV values?

Currently, we do not predict that there will be a significant amount of additional cars entering the UK used car market and the expectation, therefore, is that this will not have a tangible effect of residual values.

With lower used car sales volumes what do you anticipate in terms of values?

Overall we anticipate that there will be a fall in values in 2020 and 2021 with recovery in 2022. The majority of these falls will be driven by the economic effects of Covid-19 coupled to Brexit driving lower demand in the UK market.

On a related matter, what is happening to MY21 rollover from MY20 production?

Car manufacturers around the UK and Europe are opening factories for new car production as their local governments permit them to do so. They continue to move forward with their new car launches, in a virtual manner, with the majority of manufacturers suggesting that they will continue their model year changes and updates as normal.

You say that you expect the used market to be down 31% this year.  Do you expect this to be primarily a supply or demand problem?

There are two main reasons for this. Firstly, with the closure of the car dealers, the used car market has lost time and the trade-in vehicles from the new car transactions. Catching back this volume, will be impossible this year. Additionally, UK economic stability rocked by Covid-19 with the effect of Brexit, will play a role in slowing the sales of new and used cars moving forward.